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Arver v. United States, 245 US 366 (1918)
page 22.

Brown, 189 BR 653, Bkrtcy (1995)
page 26.

Goldman v. United States, 245 US 474 (1918)
page 22.

Printz v. United States, 521 US 98 (1997)
page 15, 27.

Rabbit v. Leonard, 41 A.2d 489 (1979)
page 26

Ruthenberg v. United States, 245 US 480 (1918) page 22 .

Second Amendment Foundation v. City of Renton, 35 P.2d 583 (1983)
page 26.

United States v. Hale, 978 F.2d 1016 (1982)
page 25.

United States v. Lopez, 2 F.3d 1342 (1993)
page 2.

United States v. Miller, 307 US 174 (1939)
page 25, 30.

United States v. Warin, 530 F.2d 103 (1976)
page 27.

Books, Articles, and other Sources

Adams, John, A Defence of the Constitutions of Government of the United States of America,1787-88
page 6.

Cooper, Jerry, The Rise of the National Guard, University of Nebraska Press, 1997, especially Chapter 1, "The Militia in American Military Practice and Policy, 1607-1865"
page 22.

Cress, Lawrence, "An Armed Community: The Origins and Meaning of the Right to Bear Arms," 71 Journal of American History 22 (1984). http://www.potowmack.org/lcress.html
page 8.

Elliot, Jonathan, The Debates in the Several State Conventions on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution (Elliot's Debates).
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/amlaw/lwed.html
page 19

Friedman, Leon, "Conscription and the Constitution." 67 Mich. L. Rev 1493 (1969). http://www.potowmack.org/conscr1.html (without footnotes)
page 23.

Gingrich, Newt, To Renew America, HarperCollins, 1995
page 12.

Halbrook, Stephen, That Every Man Be Armed: The Evolution of a Constitutional Right, 1984
page 15, 16, 20

van den Haag, Ernest, "Libertarians and Conservatives," National Review, June 8, 1979, (Appendix G)
page 17, 24

Herz, Andrew, "Gun Crazy: Constitutional False Consciousness and Dereliction of Dialogic Responsibility," 75 Boston Univ. L. Review 57 (1995)
page 27

Kates, Don B., Jr., "Handgun Prohibition and the Original Meaning of the Second Amendment," 82 Michigan Law Review 204, (1983) http://www.2ndlawlib.org/journals/kmich.html — and Randy Barnett, "Under Fire: The New Consensus on the Second Amendment," 45 Emory Law Journal 1139, 1996
http://www.law.emory.edu/ELJ/volumes/fall96/barnett.html
http://www.law.emory.edu/ELJ/volumes/fall96/barnett_fn.html page 27, 28

Kopel, David, "Trust the People: The Case Against Gun Control," Cato Institute Policy Analysis No. 109, July 11, 1988.
http://www.cato.org/pubs/pas/pa109.html
page 12

LaPierre, Wayne, Guns, Crime, and Freedom, Regnery Publishing, Inc., 1994
page 11

Levinson, Sanford, "The Embarrassing Second Amendment, " 99 Yale Law Journal 637 (1989).
http://www.2ndlawlib.org/journals/embar.html page 14, 15

Lincoln, Abraham, First Inaugural Address, 1861 page 7 John Locke, The Second Treatise of Government, 1689, Many editions page 3-5, 13, 20, 24

Militia Act of 1792, Appendix C
page 9

Newman, Stephen L., Liberalism at Wits' End: The Libertarian Revolt against the Modern State, Cornell U. Press, 1984
page 18

Rakove, Jack, Original Meanings, Vintage Books, 1997
page 25

Rossiter, Clinton, ed., The Federalist Papers, Mentor Books, 1961
page 3, 6, 18

Rowland, John Kenneth, "Origins of the Second Amendment: The Creation of the Constitutional Rights of Militia and of Keeping and Bearing Arms," previously unpublished PhD dissertation, Ohio State U., 1978, UMI order #7902218 (1-800-521-0600, $57.50, softbound), excerpts at
http://www.potowmack.org/1197row.html page 8, 22

— "Setting the Terms of Debate on the Second Amendment: 300 Historical Uses of the Term "Bear Arms" in a Military Context in Early America, 1618-1791," Appendix A, original research and analysis for the Fifth Circuit in Emerson
page 2, 8

Scalia, Antonin, A Matter of Interpretation, 1997
page 27

Stewart, Ron, Editorial, American Firearms Industry, Dec., 1997, Appendix J
page 28 Story, Joseph, Commentaries on the Constitution, 1833
page 19

Tawney, Richard H., "Even Boys Were Executed," Manchester Guardian, 1931, Reprinted Washington Post, 6/25/89
page 6

Thorpe, Francis Newton, The Federal and State Constitutions and the Organic Law of the States, Territories, and Colonies, now and heretofore forming The United States of America, GPO 1909 59th Congress, 2nd Session, Doc. 357
page 25, 30

Weigley, Russell F., History of the United States Army, The Macmillan Company, 1967
page 25

Wimmershoff-Caplan, Sue, "The Founders and the AK-47," Washington Post, July 6, 1989, p. A17, Appendix D
page 11, 15

Wood, Gordon, The Creation of the American Republic, 1776-1787, WW Norton & Co., 1969
page 21


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